CONTACT TRACING APPS: IS IT THE KEY STRATEGY FOR PREVENTING FURTHER SPREAD OF COVID-19?
CEDIS Working Paper VARIA n.º 03 | Setembro | 2020
Is it possible to rely on the Chinese model to tackle the epidemic in the Western world, where the problem of the protection of individual rights is at the heart of political thinking and of the liberal legal-constitutional tradition?
The purpose of this research is to examine the use of mobile tracking and contact tracing technologies in the fight to contain contagion during the Covid-19 pandemic, as they are about to be introduced in Italy, in France and other European countries, following the effectiveness of the Chinese Strategy. I will also try to highlight the problems related to the use and dissemination of mass surveillance techniques, that could profoundly affect the Fundamental rights and individual freedoms, explaining how it is possible for a democracy to respond effectively to the emergency, without any yielding to authoritarian temptations.
Covid-19 – contact tracing – tracing Apps – fundamental rights – privacy – data access
At the entrance of the third millennium, the United States of America were surprised by the magnitude and unpredictability of the tragic terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, alerting the world to a new type of threat to international peace and security. Despite the terrorist threat not be new, however used news forms of acting, projecting on a global scale, using aircraft as a means of attack to achieve their goals in “enemy” territory. As a result of these events, terrorism was entered on the agenda of international relations, triggering the academic and political debate, which has extended up to the present time in view of the numerous incidents that have been recorded in several countries of the globe.
The answer to combating terrorism on the part of States must be given globally through the creation of concerted mechanisms to ensure its cohesion, freedom, security and justice to its citizens. But to combat it internationally is necessary, first of all, to define it, but actually the international law continues without unequivocal universally accepted definition of its concept and uniformly applicable in the multilateral forums, creating difficulties to the implementation of justice on the ground.
The events of September 11 also showed the air transport vulnerability. Since then, the international organizations and the European Union adapted the regulatory framework, which has been updated depending on the risks and the evolution of new technologies, in order to protect civil aviation against acts of unlawful interference.
This work thus seeks to assess the impact of the terrorist attacks of September 11, on the security regime of international civil aviation and the European Union.
Terrorism; September 11, 2001; civil aviation security