Law of Armed conflict in the Age of Artificial Intelligence

CEDIS Working Paper VARIA n.º 7 Março 2021

Resumo e palavras chave

Autor: Saba Sotoudehfar

 

ABSTRACT

 

The increasing evolution of artificial intelligence is turning science fiction into a dark reality. States compete to achieve semi- and fully autonomous weapon systems, and the third war transformation is about to happen. Although the deployment of these autonomous weapons will facilitate military operations, various legal and ethical debates have criticized their legitimacy. The fact that autonomous weapons (e.g., drones and killer robots) can operate without human interference has raised concerns among academics about legal principles, such as accountability for specific war actions, including war crimes. Moreover, given the unbalance of force and the anonymity of the aggressor, it also seems to threaten the ethical concept of human dignity. The current legal framework, i.e., Law of armed conflict and International Humanitarian Law, cannot respond to this new style of warfare. Therefore, this study aims to study the ethical and legal challenges of autonomous weapons and highlight the need to establish a new unified legal framework, encompassing an appropriate set of ethical guidelines and legal norms to promote peaceful relations and responsible use of armed forces.

 

KEYWORDS

Autonomous Weapons, Artificial Intelligence, Human dignity, accountability, Legal Framework

Abstract and keywords

Author: Saba Sotoudehfar

 

ABSTRACT

 

The increasing evolution of artificial intelligence is turning science fiction into a dark reality. States compete to achieve semi- and fully autonomous weapon systems, and the third war transformation is about to happen. Although the deployment of these autonomous weapons will facilitate military operations, various legal and ethical debates have criticized their legitimacy. The fact that autonomous weapons (e.g., drones and killer robots) can operate without human interference has raised concerns among academics about legal principles, such as accountability for specific war actions, including war crimes. Moreover, given the unbalance of force and the anonymity of the aggressor, it also seems to threaten the ethical concept of human dignity. The current legal framework, i.e., Law of armed conflict and International Humanitarian Law, cannot respond to this new style of warfare. Therefore, this study aims to study the ethical and legal challenges of autonomous weapons and highlight the need to establish a new unified legal framework, encompassing an appropriate set of ethical guidelines and legal norms to promote peaceful relations and responsible use of armed forces.

 

KEYWORDS

Autonomous Weapons, Artificial Intelligence, Human dignity, accountability, Legal Framework

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