THE IMPACT OF POLITICAL DISCOURSE ON THE SECURITIZATION OF MIGRATION (IN HUNGARY)

CEDIS Working Paper VARIA n.º 2 Março 2021

Resumo e palavras chave

Autor: Rita Isabel Gonçalves Pereira

 

 

ABSTRACT

 

The 2001 attacks in New York pressured the world to look at migration as a potential threat to a country’s security. These terrorist acts strengthened the approach of the European political elite speeches. These claimed that there were precedents that linked immigration to terrorism, thus constituting a threat to the European Space.

This paper analyzes the impact that political speech (rhetoric) and its construction had, and has, in the development of the securitization of migration in the European Union, specifically in Hungary, as well as the impact it has on public opinion. The research is restricted to Hungary, because it is one of the principal transit countries for irregular

 

migration, due to its geographical location. Moreover, it has been a country that has stood out for its constant denials of European immigration policies, for the growth of extreme right parties at the national level, and the development of anti-immigration policies.

The Hungarian rhetoric, legislation, and society prove, through a methodology based on qualitative and quantitative analysis, that the concepts of securitization and political discourse influence each other.

This paper is based on the Theory of Securitization by Buzan, Ole Waever, and Jaap de Wilde, as a pillar for the justification of political speech and securitization. It also addresses the Theory of Integrated Threat which proves that speech/rhetoric can effectively generate xenophobic behaviors and manipulate a country’s public opinion.

 

 

KEYWORDS

Securitization; Migration; Policy; Political Speech, Hungary.

Abstract and keywords

Author: Rita Isabel Gonçalves Pereira

 

ABSTRACT

 

The 2001 attacks in New York pressured the world to look at migration as a potential threat to a country’s security. These terrorist acts strengthened the approach of the European political elite speeches. These claimed that there were precedents that linked immigration to terrorism, thus constituting a threat to the European Space.

This paper analyzes the impact that political speech (rhetoric) and its construction had, and has, in the development of the securitization of migration in the European Union, specifically in Hungary, as well as the impact it has on public opinion. The research is restricted to Hungary, because it is one of the principal transit countries for irregular

 

migration, due to its geographical location. Moreover, it has been a country that has stood out for its constant denials of European immigration policies, for the growth of extreme right parties at the national level, and the development of anti-immigration policies.

The Hungarian rhetoric, legislation, and society prove, through a methodology based on qualitative and quantitative analysis, that the concepts of securitization and political discourse influence each other.

This paper is based on the Theory of Securitization by Buzan, Ole Waever, and Jaap de Wilde, as a pillar for the justification of political speech and securitization. It also addresses the Theory of Integrated Threat which proves that speech/rhetoric can effectively generate xenophobic behaviors and manipulate a country’s public opinion.

 

 

KEYWORDS

Securitization; Migration; Policy; Political Speech, Hungary.

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WP2 - VARIA